First Pakistani Citizen Muhammad Asad
First Pakistani Citizen Muhammad Asad Leopold Weiss; 12 July 1900 – 20 February 1992 was a Jewish-born Austro-Hungarian journalist, traveler, writer, linguist, thinker, political theorist, diplomat and Islamic scholar was awarded with honorary citizenship. Asad was one of the most influential European Muslims of the 20th century. Recent Claim of Honorary Citizenship For West indies Cricketer Darren Sammy BBC News
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Meeting of Allam Iqbal with Future First Pakistani Citizen
In 1932 where he met South Asia’s premier Muslim poet, philosopher and thinker Muhammad Iqbal, who had proposed the idea of an independent Muslim state in India, which later became Pakistan. Iqbal persuaded Asad to stay on in British India and help the Muslims of India establish their separate Muslim state. Iqbal introduced Asad to Chaudhry Niaz Ali Khan, a philanthropist and agriculturalist, who, on the advice of Muhammad Iqbal, established the Dar-ul-Islam Trust Institutes in Pathankot, India and Jauharabad, Pakistan. Asad stayed on in British India and worked with both Muhammad Iqbal and Chaudhry Niaz Ali Khan. Allama Iqbal encouraged Asad to translate Sahih Al-Bukhari in English for the first time in history. Asad responded positively and started making the arrangements for his translation. In order find a place serene enough to stimulate his intellectual and spiritual cerebration, he arrived in Kashmir during the summer of 1934. There, he met Mirwaiz Mouli Yusuf who became his close friend. While working enthusiastically on his translation, he also set up his own printing press in Srinagar. The first two chapters of his translation were printed in Srinagar. Asad mentions in his book entitled as “Home-coming of the Heart” that he had a special relationship with Kashmir and that he felt very sad when he left it.
Role in Pakistan Movement
Asad supported the idea of a separate Muslim state in India and after the independence of Pakistan on 14 August 1947, in recognition for his support for Pakistan, Asad was conferred full citizenship by Pakistan (Was First Pakistani Citizen ) and appointed the Director of the Department of Islamic Reconstruction by the Government of Pakistan,
where he made recommendations on the drafting of Pakistan’s first Constitution. In 1949, Asad joined Pakistan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs as head of the Middle East Division and made efforts to strengthen Pakistan’s ties with the Muslim states of the Middle East. In 1952, Asad was appointed as Pakistan’s Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Nations in New York – a position that he relinquished in 1952 to write his autobiography (up to the age of 32), The Road to Mecca.
Asad loved Pakistan, his conception of Pakistan, even when it turned its back on him, and he never felt resentment at the treatment he had received from it. He remained a citizen– the first citizen of Pakistan– until the end, although he had been strongly tempted to accept the generous, spontaneous gestures of many heads of Islamic states to have their citizenship and passport, which would have made his life so much easier.
Later years and death
Towards the end of his life, Asad moved to Spain and lived there with his third wife, Pola Hamida Asad, an American national of Polish Catholic descent who had also converted to Islam, until his death on 20 February 1992 at the age of 91. He was buried in the Muslim cemetery of Granada in the former Moorish province of Andalusia, Spain.
- Unromantisches Morgenland: Aus dem Tagebuch einer Reise (1924), German, published under his former name Leopold Weiss. The book is a description of the middle-East, written before his conversion to Islam, for a German-speaking readership
The Unromantic Orient (2004), English translation by Elma Ruth Harder
- Islam at the Crossroads (1934), a call for Muslims to avoid imitating Western society and instead return to the original Islamic heritage, written in English
- The Road to Mecca (1954), autobiography covering his life from 1900–1932 Read about book on Wikipedia
- The Principles of State and Government in Islam (1961), description of a democratic political system grounded in Islamic principles
- The Message of The Qur’an (1980), an influential translation and interpretation of the Qur’an Sahih Al-Bukhari: The Early Years of Islam (1981), translation and explanation of an important collection of hadith (reports of pronouncements by the prophet Muhammad)
- This Law of Ours and Other Essays (1987), collection of essays about Islamic law.
- Home-Coming of the Heart (1933–1992) (Officially Unpublished), autobiography covering the years 1932–1992).The first part (covering 1932–1952) is written by Asad, while the second part (covering 1952–1992) is written by his wife Pola Hamida (d. 2007). The book remains officially unpublished, but a Pakistani writer has published its Urdu translation under the title Muhammad Asad: Banda-e-Sehrai.
- Meditations (Unpublished), intended to clarify ambiguities arising from his translation The Message of The Qur’an (1980), stands unpublished as of 2013.
- The Spirit of Islam is not a separate book but a republication of the first chapter of his 1934 book Islam at the Crossroads.
Reference Article Controversial Article : Express Tribune